Essay on “Delhi – The Capital of India” for School, College Students, Long and Short English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12, College and Competitive Exams.

Delhi – The Capital of India

Delhi is the traditional and present day capital territory of India. It is also one of the oldest inhabited cities of India. Delhi is officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It has a semi-arid climate with high difference between summer and winter temperatures.

After India gained independence on 15th August 1947, Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of the country. In 1991. it was declared, as the National Capital Territory comprises 9 districts, 158 villages and 62 towns.

Being the Capital of India, Delhi is the centre stage of all political activities. It is in Delhi that political fortunes are made or spoiled and the nation’s destiny is created. Once it was the city of royal power. Later it became an important seat of colonial power. Then it was a centre of administrative power. Now it is developing as important region of business power too.

The principal food crops of Delhi are wheat, bajra, jowar, maize and gram. However, importance has been shifted from food crops to vegetable and fruit crops, dairy and poultry farming, horticulture, etc.

Delhi is not only the largest commercial centre in northern India, but also the largest centre of small-scale industries. A wide variety of items like television, light engineering machines, automobile parts, tape recorders, sports goods, bicycles, softwares, etc. are manufactured. Delhi is one of the main centres of trading and service industry in North India. The Information Technology sector, fashion, electronic, handloom and textile industry contribute a lot to Delhi’s economy.

Each year Delhi attracts a huge number of tourists. The sites of interest are categorized in the British build New Delhi with all its government buildings, secondly, all the historical monuments, which have been left by the dynasties who ruled Delhi and at third place there are some great religious places. Some of the worth visiting places in Delhi are Rashtrapati Bhavan, Red Fort, India Gate, Birla Mandir, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s tomb, Jantar Mantra, Laxrni Narayan Mandir, Iscon Temple, Lotus Temple, etc.

All major festivals of India are celebrated by people of Delhi. Moreover, some tourist festivals have become regular annual events of Delhi. The Republic Day celebration, Independence Day celebration and Indian International Trade Fair are some important occasions that attract a vast number of tourists.

Delhi is well connected by roads, trains and air with all parts of India. It has important airports, major railway stations and regional bus terminals. Delhi Metro Rail is very important public communication service that connects important places within the city.

Culture of Delhi is diverse because people come from different parts of the country. The union of various companies, traditions and religion has painted Delhi in colours, which are spread all over India.

Delhi has attractive charm and has history of hundreds of years. The geographical location, people, government, industry, modernism and hospitality makes Delhi captivating for any visitor. As important developments are taking place in every field, Delhi is getting outstanding fame and recognition around the world.


  1. Vaibhavi August 17, 2019
  2. Jasmeet kaur December 28, 2020

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