Essay on “Delhi – The Capital of India” for School, College Students, Long and Short English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12, College and Competitive Exams.

Delhi – The Capital of India

Essay # 01

Delhi is the traditional and present-day capital territory of India. It is also one of the oldest inhabited cities of India. Delhi is officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It has a semi-arid climate with a high difference between summer and winter temperatures.

After India gained independence on 15th August 1947, Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of the country. In 1991. it was declared, as the National Capital Territory comprises 9 districts, 158 villages, and 62 towns.

Being the capital of India, Delhi is the center stage of all political activities. It is in Delhi that political fortunes are made or spoiled and the nation’s destiny is created. Once it was the city of royal power. Later it became an important seat of colonial power. Then it was a center of administrative power. Now it is developing as an important region of business power too.

The principal food crops of Delhi are wheat, bajra, jowar, maize, and gram. However, importance has been shifted from food crops to vegetable and fruit crops, dairy and poultry farming, horticulture, etc.

Delhi is not only the largest commercial centre in northern India but also the largest centre of small-scale industries. A wide variety of items like television, light engineering machines, automobile parts, tape recorders, sports goods, bicycles, software, etc. are manufactured. Delhi is one of the main centres of the trading and service industry in North India. The Information Technology sector, fashion, electronic, handloom and textile industry contribute a lot to Delhi’s economy.

Each year Delhi attracts a huge number of tourists. The sites of interest are categorized in the British build New Delhi with all its government buildings, secondly, all the historical monuments, which have been left by the dynasties who ruled Delhi and at a third place there are some great religious places. Some of the worth visiting places in Delhi are Rashtrapati Bhavan, Red Fort, India Gate, Birla Mandir, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s tomb, Jantar Mantra, Laxmi Narayan Mandir, Iscon Temple, Lotus Temple, etc.

All major festivals of India are celebrated by the people of Delhi. Moreover, some tourist festivals have become regular annual events of Delhi. The Republic Day celebration, Independence Day celebration, and Indian International Trade Fair are some important occasions that attract a vast number of tourists.

Delhi is well connected by roads, trains, and air with all parts of India. It has important airports, major railway stations, and regional bus terminals. Delhi Metro Rail is a very important public communication service that connects important places within the city.

The culture of Delhi is diverse because people come from different parts of the country. The union of various companies, traditions, and religions has painted Delhi in colors, which are spread all over India.

Delhi has attractive charm and has a history of hundreds of years. The geographical location, people, government, industry, modernism, and hospitality makes Delhi captivating for any visitor. As important developments are taking place in every field, Delhi is getting outstanding fame and recognition around the world.



Essay # 02

Delhi has been called “the grave of empires”, for the modern town is surrounded by the remains of other Delhis of the past, that were in their times the capitals of kingdoms and empires that have passed away. It is said that there are the ruins of as many as seven old cities.

Delhi is said to have begun its history as far back as the days of the Pandavas, who built their capital of Indraprastha there. It is certain that it was the capital of the Rajput chieftains called the Tomaras, in the 11th century. But it was the Mussalmans that made Delhi a royal city. It was the capital of the so-called Slave Kings in the 13th century; and the famous Kutub Minar, which is still one of the sights of Delhi, was set up by one of those Kings.

Delhi remained the capital of the following Muslim dynasties until it was taken by Babar, King of Kabul, from the last of the Lodhi Kings in 1526. And it was under the great Moghal Emperors that Delhi, which they made their capital, rose to the height of its greatness. These great rulers, especially Shahjahan, put up many magnificent buildings, such as the splendid palace and the great Jama Masjid. In fact, it was Shahjahan who, in the 17th century, founded Delhi which today is known as Old Delhi.

In British times, Delhi was chiefly famous for its siege during the Mutiny in 1857. As the capital of British India was Calcutta, Delhi became a town of only secondary importance. But in 1911, the seat of Government was transferred once more to Delhi, under the Viceroyship of Lord Hardinge, and the King-Emperor, George V, himself made the announcement of the change at the Durbar. And now yet another Delhi has been built, called New Delhi, as a fitting place for the Government of India. So Delhi is once more the capital of India.


  1. Vaibhavi August 17, 2019
  2. Jasmeet kaur December 28, 2020

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