India’s most famous monument, the Taj Mahal is located at Agra. It was built by Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor of the Mughal Dynasty, which ruled over a significant part of India from 1526 to 1857. He built the Taj Mahal in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
The Taj attracts more visitors than any other monument in the country. The perfect proportions and distinct femininity medium of construction and ornamentation make it unique. Its marble exterior reflects rose and golden tints at sunrise and sunset. It is dazzling white during the day and glows pearl-like in the moonlight and during the monsoon (It had taken years to design and construct the Taj Mahal and the garden that surrounds it. The tomb of Mumtaz Mahal stands in the center and on one side is that of her husband Shah Jahan. The tombs have the finest examples of inlay work. This monumental tomb for an Empress is a World Heritage site.