My Favourite Monument
My favourite monument is Taj Mahal. It is a matter of pride for Indians to have one of the Seven Wonders of the World in the country. It is situated in Agra city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. When I visited Agra with my parents, I collected some important facts regarding the historic monument. Since then it has become my favourite national monument.
In the 17th century, Mughal Emperor Shahjahan constructed Taj Mahal. It was built on the banks of river Yamuna towards the south of Agra. This monument was constructed in the memory of Emperor’s dear queen Arjuman Bano Begum. She was also known as ‘Mumtaz Mahal’. Taj Mahal is a large grave of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shahjahan.
The construction of Taj Mahal was completed in 1653 AD. It took nearly twenty-two years to build this beautiful monument. Nearly twenty thousand workers built this monument. Stone cutters, carvers, painters, dome-designers, masons and various other skilled workers were called from different parts of empire. Many were also invited from other countries. To increase the beauty of the monument, semi-precious stones were brought from Afghanistan and Ceylon.
Taj Mahal is a marble structure. With the first ray of Sun’s light, its dome appears like a heavenly place. The dome is made of white marble. Taj Mahal is surrounded with beautiful gardens and fountains. It is believed that when Mumtaz Mahal was on her deathbed, she took promise from Shahjahan to make a beautiful monument that was different from other monuments in the world. The Emperor kept his promise and Taj Mahal was built.
According to me, no monument in the world can match the beauty of Taj Mahal. The outer and the interior walls of the monument are richly decorated with beautiful tile work and calligraphy. After the death of wife, Shahjahan decided to preserve their love forever in the form of Taj Mahal. Since last three hundred and sixty years, this monument stands as the symbol of love. It has attracted millions of tourists around the world to visit the monument.
Recently, the monument is losing its beauty. Industries and factories in the nearby areas are causing air pollution. This has badly affected the monument. It is high time that Government and people jointly make efforts to preserve the beauty of this heavenly monument.