Essay, Biography, Speech on “Udham Singh” Complete Biography in 375 Words for Class 8, 9, 10 and 12 Students.

Biography of “Udham Singh”

Udham Singh, (26th December 1899-31st July 1940) a revolutionary nationalist, was born Sher Singh on 26 December 1899, at Sunam, in the then princely state of Patiala. His father, Tahal Singh, was at that time working as a watchman on a railway crossing in the neighboring village of Upall. Sher Singh lost his parents when he was seven years and was admitted along with his brother Mukta Singh to the Central Khalsa Orphanage at Amritsar on 24 October 1907. As both brothers were administered the Sikh initiative rites at the Orphanage, they were renamed, Sher Singh becoming Udham Singh and Mukta Singh as Sadhu Singh. In 1917, Udham Singh’s brother also died, leaving him all alone in the world.

Udham Singh was deeply influenced by the activities of Bhagat Singh and his revolutionary group. In 1935, when he was on a visit to Kashmir, he was found carrying Bhagat Singh’s portrait. He invariably referred to him as his guru. He loved to sing political songs and was very fond of Ram Prasad Bismal, who was the leading poet of the revolutionaries. After staying for some months in Kashmir, Udham Singh left India. He wandered about the continent for some time and reached England by the mid-thirties. He was on the lookout for an opportunity to avenge the Jalliawala Bagh tragedy. The long-awaited moment, at last, came on 13 March 1940.

On that day, at 4.30 p.m. in the Caxton Hall, London, where a meeting of the East India Association was being held in conjunction with the Royal Central Asian Society, Udham Singh fired five to six shots from his pistol at Sir Michael O’Dwyer, who was governor of Punjab when the Amritsar massacre had taken place.

Udham Singh was overpowered with a smoking revolver. He in fact made no attempt to escape and continued saying that he had done his duty to his country.

During the trial, Udham Singh had made a request that his ashes be sent back to his country, but this was not allowed. In 1975, however, the Government of India, at the instance of the Punjab Government, finally succeeded in bringing his ashes home. Lakhs of people gathered on the occasion to pay homage to his memory.

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