Science and Technology
This is the age of science and technology. Its advantages have emerged as a major determinant of the wealth and power for the nation. The development of science and technology has profound implications on the management of the future pattern of social and economic growth.
In a fast changing world, the future of the nation can be shaped through our ability of harnessing modern science and technology, which is an avenue to boost the development programmes of the country.
The rapid technological advances have reduced the dependency on natural resources or the factors in proportion to it. The man is performing mechanically by machines with a frequent improvement in his working due to fast technological changes by virtue of scientific advancement all around the world.
The foremost important aspect which the world is recognising today is continuous efforts to consolidate the gains of science for improving the human condition. Scientific discoveries have to be converted by human efforts into technological innovation which have to be developed to bring about considerable improvement in the human condition.
Indian Government gave high priority for developing Science and Technology visualising that in a fast changing world, it is necessary to have scientific and technological advances for meeting the modern needs and competing ourselves globally. The most effective contribution of the Government, which it has shown through its policies during last 60 years of its independence, has been the creation of a large reservoir of scientific and technological skills which has greatly helped the country in diversifying its economic structure. By virtue of technological progress, we have established our position in the global market, and it has a great effect in the growing economy of India.
India’s major occupation is cultivation. About 70% of its population is working in the farms. Agriculture has a great relevance with our economy being country’s major profession. The Central Government has drawn special attention through all the Five Year Plans in this direction for promoting science and technology in order to achieve the goal and make India self-dependent in foodgrains. Our agricultural scientists have the liberty for working on research work freely. They have already made an outstanding contribution in giving new technology for growing the crop with scientific methods, which have developed our national economy and human welfare by enabling ourselves wholly self-sufficient in foodgrains. This could be achieved through related technology and scientific methods by providing machines and developing the quality of seeds, fertilizers and insecticides, which suited in bringing green revolution in the field of agriculture.
India has achieved desired scientific and technological progress and has succeeded in boosting various important national activities like information and telecommunication, television, meteorological cervices, medical advancement, industrial development, nuclear research, Space Research and Oceanographic Research. and so on. India is the only developing country which has the qualified man power for inventing ocean energy. India has already set up a National Institute of Ocean Technology at IIT Chennai for undertaking research in the areas of ocean energy, marine-instrumentation, ocean engineering system and so on.
Over the years a strong science and technology infrastructure base has been established for giving modern shape to Indian industries for better production for enabling India to stand in the world market. It covers a chain of national laboratories, specialized centres, various academic and research institutes, training centres, and useful development programes, which continuously provide expertise, technically trained manpower and technological support to industries for better performance. By virtue of it, India has had the supreme privilege for progressing fast in the field of industrialization. India has really shown the remarkable progress on the ground out of it which made India able to be in the vanguard of many nations of the third world and also has achieved a high degree of solidarity making this country a power to reckon with in global affairs.
Science has progressed a lot in the field of health care. New technology has provided effective health care system at an affordable cost. The new technology that the medical science has invented provides the system, under which the critical cases can be handled confidently for saving the human life. The medical research has been carried out, broadly on nutrition, tuberculosis, reproduction, child care, leprosy, drugs, communicable diseases, cholera and malaria, which has a very positive outcome. Man is in a position to-day that he can undertake to treat these dreaded diseases according to new invention which has given an established method of treatment and care.
India has advanced in the field of civil engineering through Research and Development works. The newly invented technology and scientific method, mainly in construction of roads, provision of shelter and sanitation, has facilitated to get it at affordable cost and in the reasonable time limit. There are a number of institutes in India, which are very reputed for research and development work on Structural Engineering. These institutes have brought about considerable improvement in the construction work at lesser cost and guaranteed durability.
India is in the emerging world order. Its dream is of becoming an economic force of the world. Its dream is also of capturing the world of 21st century in trade, commerce, economy, military empowerment, international decisive role, power to reckon with in global affairs and becoming India to be a vanguard of nations that have achieved a high degree of solidarity making this country their representative for dealing with global affairs for securing interest of those nations. If we look at the global scenario, the modern world is moving very fast. There are rapid scientific and technological changes which are taking place one after another. India, as a global contender, in the race of becoming world power, has to do more in the field of Science and Technology emphasizing it as its foremost national priority in order to achieve its goal.