The Golden Temple at Amritsar is one of the most serene religious buildings in the world. It blends fundamental concepts of the faith with architectural excellence. There are shops and rest houses along the enclosure of the temple to meet the needs of pilgrims. The massive walls enclosing the temple block out the hustle and bustle of the city and protect the sanctity of the quiet area and bring peace and tranquility within.
Inside the Golden Temple complex, the space is covered by white marble walls and the broad pavement that frames a tank. The tank is called Amritsar Oven. In the middle of the tank is the spectacular vision of the Golden Temple. It is like a jewelled casket floating in tranquil waters. The foundation of the Golden temple was laid during the period of Guru Arjan Dev (1581-1606). All pilgrims walk round the tank, stopping at shrines and bathing in the tank on the way round to the Harmandir itself. Amritsar, the name of the city, is derived from the sacred tank of Amrit (nectar) and the immortality of the Golden Temple.