The Indian Railways
Indian Railways is the biggest Government institution in India which gives more than 17 Latch people employment. Indian Railways is the biggest railway system in Asia and the second biggest railway system in the world. In India, the first …rain was run between Mumbai and Thane. Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India at that time the train was running by coal Railway Engine. The Britishers started the railway system to exploit the resources, of India and carry the raw material from different parts of India to the ports for export the material to England and when the manufactured goods came to the ports from England then disbursed these goods all over the country within a very short time.
During the freedom struggle, the freedom fighters opposed the extension of the railway network in the country because the railway system used by the Britishers for fulfilling and their interests were in the exploitation of India their own interests. After independence, there is a new chapter started in the development of the Railway Government of India established its separate Ministry of Railways. The total responsibility of Railways is on the Ministry of Railways.
The State Government has no authority to interfere in Railway Network. From the time of independence, the developing process of Railways is very rapidly moving now the old coal engines are almost finished and Diesel and electric engines are using and the Government is determinate to replace all diesel engines with electric engines. The Electric Engines cause no pollution and its performance is better than Diesel Engine. Now there are eleven zones in Railways. Now the total length of Indian Railways is about 65,000 kilometers long railway track of which almost 15,000 kilometers are electric lines.
About 12,000 trains go from one place to another every day Railway is like a lifeline to the people of India. The importance of Railway is known by the fact that every year just before the common budget of the Government of India a separate Railway budget is present in the parliament by the Railway Minister. The railway is regularly working for giving the good facilities of their Passengers. The government of India established a separate Paramilitary Force R.P.F. (Railway Protection Force). The main work of R.P.F. is to protect the property and passengers of the Railway.
The jawans of R.P.E are always traveled with express trains and mails. Railway has its different telephone department which is totally different from the Department of Telecom, Government of India. Railway has its separate audit department which audits all accounts of Indian Railways. This audit department of Railways is totally different from CAG (Controller and Auditor General of India). Railway provides Residence and Medical Aid to their employees. We easily see a residential colony and a dispensary near every Railway Station. There are almost 7,500 small and big Railway Stations in India. The railway is also helping the Indian people in their trade almost 30-40% of goods are carried by Railway in different parts of the country.
The railway also plays an important role during any national calamity and any accidents. Railway provides the food, medicines, doctors and other help in a very short time and very rapidly take the affected people towards the secure places at the time of any natural calamity. We saw that in floods, earthquakes, ocean storm the Railway provide full support to the people as much help as possible. The Railway has the facility for all segments of society. For the people of the economically weaker segment, there is a general class, above it, there is a second class in which people got the sleeping facility by reservation. Above them, there is first class. It is very costly because the seats of first-class are very big and comfortable and you can close your chamber and free from any disturbance in the compartment.
The topmost facility provides by Indian Railways in Air Condition Compartments. In this compartment, the Railway provides a sleeping facility with a full bed to the passengers. The Shatabdi Express and Rajdhani Express are running on very big routes, which passengers travel in those trains the Railway provides breakfast, lunch, and dinner to the passengers. For the last five years, Indian Railways run a separate luxury train, “Palace on Wheels” in Rajasthan with the support of the Ministry of Tourism Government of Rajasthan. This train has a facility equal to a five-star hotel by this train we can enjoy all places of historical and tourism importance of Rajasthan. So the facility is available for the people of every class. The railway is an essential part of the life of every Indian.