Essay No. 01
Mahatma Gandhi was the real life hero of India. He was the role model of millions of people around the world. He was one of the most selfless persons of the world. He sacrificed his entire life to uplift the status of the downtrodden people and to grant freedom to his country. He was a symbol of love and compassion. This great leader of our country was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat.
His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother was known as Putlibai. Mohan Das Gandhi was a very obedient son of his parents. He would realize all his mistakes and correct them immediately. Once he was caught stealing money from his father’s pocket. His father told him politely not to repeat that mistake again. Mohandas felt sorry for hurting his father and never repeated that mistake again.
In the year 1888, he went to England to pursue his studies and returned to India after becoming a Barrister in 1891. Mohandas was not able to practice law as it was impossible for him to took the false cases in the court.
Mohandas left the job of the lawyer and began to actively take part in freedom movements. During his struggle for freedom, he has to tolerate the. atrocities of the Britishers. Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of ‘Mahatma’. Thus. Mohandas Gandhi became Mahatma Gandhi.
In the year 1917, Mahatma Gandhi launched a movement called `Satyagraha ‘ to flee away the colonial rulers from the country.
On 12th March 1930, he began Civil Disobedience Movement with Dandi March. Gandhiji took 78 companions along with him and marched nearly 375 km. from Sabarrnati Ashram to Dandi to break the Salt Act.
In his own words, “I am not going to be satisfied with anything short of complete freedom. We should do or die. We shall either free India or die in this attempt.”
It was due to the continuous efforts of Mahatma Gandhi and his followers, that India finally attained freedom on 15 August, 1947.
A section of people blamed him for the partition of the country. On 31 January, 1948 when he was going to address the evening prayers at Birla House, New Delhi, a psychic man named Nathuram Godse, shot him thrice from point blank range. He died on the spot with words ‘Hey Ram’ on his lips.
The whole nation salutes this great soul, who descended on the earth to eliminate the sufferings of the mankind. He was the true follower of the Truth and Non-violence.
Essay No. 02
Mahatma Gandhi is called the “Father of the Nation”. In the twentieth century, he had been one of the greatest leader of the World. He brought independence to the country. His weapons in this war were unique, namely, truth and non-violence.
Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 at Porbander in Gujarat. His father was Dewan in Rajkot state. After passing his matriculation in 1887, he went to England to study law. In 1893 he went to South Africa. There he was appalled by pathetic conditions of coloured people and discrimination against the Indians and South Africans. He fought for their rights. He adopted a new method to fight against the British rulers. He practiced peaceful resistance to racial discrimination. His weapons were Satyagrah (Truth) and Ahinsa (non-violence). After winning th6 battle in South Africa, he returned to India in 1916.
His aim was to bring independence to the country and build it as a self-reliant nation. He started non-violence and non-cooperation movement to achieve the above objectives. He moved the masses with his sincerity, simplicity and sacrifice. Along with many leaders and countrymen, he was sent to the jail several times. Ultimately the Britishers realized that they cannot continue to rule India. They were unable to control the fire of -Independence burning in the hearts of the masses. The millions were following the path of Mahatma Gandhi. On his behest, they were ready to lay their lives for the freedom of the country.
In August 1947, the Britishers had to retreat and India was declared as a free country. But unfortunately the country was divided into two nations, India and Pakistan. The scene after the Independence was terrible. There was turmoil, chaos, terror and bloodshed all over. It caused heavy loss of life, character and property on both sides of the manmade border. Gandhiji was saddened by the communal hatred. He began fast unto death, unless the condition at Neokhail in East Bengal, which was worst affected, was brought under control. Ultimately the peace returned among the Hindus and Muslims.
What Gandhiji achieves in his life was a miracle. He lived in the hearts of millions of Indians and was respected by all. He laid great emphasis on banishing untouchability, Hindu-Muslim unity, removal of illiteracy, development of cottage and handloom industries, equality to women and development of villages and agriculture. He believed that purity of soul can be brought by sacrifice and service to the poor. He practices what he preached. He dedicated all his life in the upliftment of the poor. He personified the principle of simple living and high thinking. He was very sensitive and understanding. He laid his life for the country.
On 30th January 1948, the world lost a great leader. Mahatma Gandhi was killed by a fanatic, who did not like his way. There was gloom all over the nation. He was cremated at Rajghat in Delhi.
Although he is dead, his name lives. He lives in the heart of millions. Even after five decades, his principles, dedication and mission continue to inspire the country. The nation will always remain indebted to Mahatma Gandhi for giving it freedom.
Essay No. 03
Mahatma Gandhi is known as the father of the nation’ because it is to him that we really owe our independence. It was in a great way because of him that India got its independence from the clutches of Britishers on 15th August, 1947.
The unique thing about him was that he was convinced that there is no other God than Truth.
He believed that true independence could only be gained by the complete realization of Ahimsa principle. He firmly believed that violence give birth to violence only.
Mahatma Gandhi was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 2nd October, 1869 at Porbander in Gujarat. During his school days books were his sole companion as he was a shy child. After completing his school education he left for England to study law. After returning to India, he started his career as a lawyer, but failed to establish his practise and he went to South Africa. Seeing the condition of Indians there, he was grieved and started a protest which at the end succeeded in improving their condition.
He called this movement “Satyagraha” (insistence for right thing).
Gandhiji entered Indian politics after returning from South Africa, as he could not bear the sight of the Indian masses being dominated by the British rulers.
Gandhiji was a firm believer in Hindu-Muslim unity and it is with this aspect that he suppor the “Khilafat Movement”. Not only this, he was also a great champion of social equality. It was who gave them the name “Harijans” to the untouchables.
Indian National Congress proceeded brilliantly under his guidance and its people base increased greatly. Under his able leadership many movements were started like the Non-Cooperation Movement against the British rule in 1919 and again in 1942, in the Quit India Movement. Although Gandhiji was arrested many times due to his popularity among the masses. Britishes were always forced to release him under the pressure of public opinion.
He gave his whole life to his country and men. He was a great writer, thinker and a saintly statesman. He wore a very simple dress and ate simple food. He was a man not only of words but action also. What he preached to others, he himself practiced that.
He had the dream of free India where everyone was treated equally, and everyone was given employment. He envisaged the establishment of the small scale industries for this.
Gandhiji saw Hindus and Muslims as brothers and did everything to foster this bond. But al section of people did not see eye to eye with him.
He was shot dead on January 30th 1948 by a fanatic and the entire nation plunged into grief.
Gandhiji was indeed a great leader, who changed the course of India’s history.