Dr. Manmohan Singh
Essay No. 01
Manmohan Singh is a soft spoken, dynamic person. This humble prime-minister of our country was born on Sept. 26, 1932, at a place called ‘Gab’ situated in West Punjab now in Pakistan. Manmohan Singh completed his M.A, D.Phil. from Oxford University and D.Lit. from MonosisCaurca University.
After completing his education, he began to teach economics at Punjab University in Chandigarh. He was only of 25 years of age when he was selected for the post of the lecturer in Punjab University. After that, in the year 1969, he was appointed as the professor of International Trade in Delhi School of Economics in Delhi University.
In the year 1991, Manmohan Singh was appointed as the union Finance Minister. He portrayed great skills as the finance minister by framing good budgets, and controlling the reins of economy of the country. In spite of all the vicissitudes on his way Manmohan Singh did his best efforts to improve the economic condition of the country. On 23rd of May, 2004, Manmohan Singh was appointed as the prime-minister of India, after Mrs. Sonia Gandhi declined to accept the coveted post.
Manmohan Singh is an extremely compassionate person and a devoted Sikh. He has equal regard for all religions. He believes in a spiritual hymn written in Sikh literature, that States,—”Awwal-E-Allah, Nur-O-Upaiya, Kudratke sab bande, eknoor se sab jag upjya, kaunbhale, kaunmande”. Which means God is in the form of soothing light and the entire mankind has originated from him.
Manmohan Singh is the lamp of our country, distributing his light of love in all the direction. May he attain success in all the endeavours to serve the mankind selflessly.
Essay No. 02
Dr. Manmohan Singh
One of the more nonpolitical faces of Indian politics, Dr. Manmohan Singh is best known as “Liberator’ of Indian Economy. He was born at Gab in West Punjab (now in Pakistan) on September 26, 1932. Dr. Manmohan Singh studied Economics in Chandigarh and Canada. He later taught the subject at the Punjab University.
Dr. Manmohan Singh started his academic career in 1957 as a lecturer in Economics at Punjab University Chandigarh. Later he served as Reader in Economics and Professor in Economics at the same university. He was appointed as Professor of International Trade. Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, in 1969 and he served there till 1971. Dr. Manmohan Singh has also served as National fellow of National Institute of Education, NCERT. He has also served as Honorary Fellow in foreign colleges and universities.
Dr. Singh is widely regarded as the architect of Indian economic reform programme. He is an accomplished economist has spent much of his career as a bureaucrat-he was even the Governor of Reserve Bank of India from 1982-85. Later he got inducted into politics and into Narasimha Rao’s cabinet as a Finance Minister. When he became Finance Minister of India in 1991, the economy of India was in a shambles. The country had an unsustainable fiscal deficit of close to 8.5 per cent of the GDP-almost double of what it is currently. There was a huge balance of pay deficit. The current account deficit was close to 3.5 per cent of GDP and there were no foreign lenders who were willing to finance it. In other words, the country was on the verge of bankruptcy. But Dr. Manmohan Singh held the helm of Indian economy and brought the country back from a looming economic bankruptcy. He liberalised the economy to put India on the path of globalisation. Dr. Manmohan Singh has also been the Central Government Advisor on Economic Affairs, besides taking international assignments at the IMF (International Monetary Fund) and the Asian Development Bank.
As Finance Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh slashed red tape, simplified the tax system and removed stifling controls and regulations to try to create an environment conducive to business. The economy revived, industry picked up, inflation was checked and growth rates remained consistently high in the 1990’s. The economy, under Mr. Singh’s stewardship, grew at a steady 7% per annum.
Dr. Manmohan Singh, as a politician, has never won a popular election in his life. Rather other leaders have selected him. When he was the Finance Minister, he derived his political Capital from the then Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao. He was first selected to the Rajya Sabha in 1991 and he represented the Congress there since. In 1999, he contested the Lok Sabha elections from South Delhi, but lost.
A rather low-key politician, Dr. Manmohan Singh has had a ‘squeaky clean image and was advisor to Sonia Gandhi throughout the election campaign in 2004. The Congress alliance under the leadership of Sonia Gandhi won high number of seats in the parliamentary elections. The left Front decided to support Congress alliance government from outside. Sonia Gandhi was elected leader of Congress Parliamentary Party and was accepted to become the Prime Minister but in a surprise move, she nominated Dr. Manmohan Singh as Prime Minister. Dr. Singh was sworn in on May 22, 2004 as India’s first non Hindu Prime Minister. As the Prime Minister, he will now derive his political capital from Sonia Gandhi, being her chosen one for the top job. The big difference this time is that the job is most daunting one in India.