Science and Technology in India
India’s performance in the field of science and technology has progressed by leaps and bounds. Our political predecessors envisioned the social importance between the community of scientists and the scientific needs of the community. Every 5 year plans of the country’s policy was a transformative module to achieve self-sufficiency and socio-economic progress. The scientific policy resolution of 1958 enables the people to pursue scientific thought through research and development. To fulfill the country’s diverse needs in agriculture, industry, defense, education, oceanography, space and information technology, the government began imparting training to scientific personnel.
Researches in universities were supported by the council of scientific and industrial research through its network of laboratories and institutions. Continuous support through its chain of national laboratories, specialized centers and research and development units helped in modern methods of commercial farming, oil seeds production and drought resistant crop farming. Pesticides, fertilizers, pest and disease resistant sprays were produced to achieve optimum grain self-sufficiency to our country. Today we occupy a premiere P oil seed production in the world. All this was achieved by the untiring efforts of agricultural scientists and farmers the untiring efforts of agricultural with progressive thoughts.
The telecom centre is of critical importance to the trend of knowledge based economy in the globalised scenario of today. The enormous growth of information and technology and its impact on the economy of the country have rendered it imperative that India has a high standard of information technology and information technology enabled services. Information technology has now become a prime subject in undergraduate courses which is a much sort after study subject to the scientifically inclined youth of today. India now belongs to the elite club of 6 developed countries with its super computer “param” which was developed by the centre for development of advanced computing-Pune. With a capacity of reaching 100 mega flops power, this 64 NODEC super computer opens up an infinite base for supercomputing at an affordable price.
Great studies have been delivered in the sector of atomic energy. India stands proudly as the seventh country in the world and the first nation with the prime merit of mastering the fast breeder technology. This was done by the hard work of the commission for atomic energy which was setup in 1948.
Planning, execution and management of space research activities was spear headed by the Indian Space Research Organization-ISRO. Based at Bangalore, now Bengaluru, it provides rockets and lab facilities to the scientists for conduction of extensive space research and experiments. The national resources and data used extensively in various fields especially weather forecasting. Other countries pay revenue to borrow information of this caliber from our country. The US included Rakesh Sharma, who was the first Indian to set foot in space in 1984 followed by Kalpana Chawala in 1997.
In this globalised scenario where the world is fast cutting boundary barriers to come closer through technological advancement, our political architect Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s dream of a technically advanced India has come true as she now stands proudly in the world as a technically advanced force to recon with. Nehru’s grandson, the late Rajiv Gandhi and PM, further catapulted India in the 21’st century with his optimistic vision of our country having immense potential to make it big in the scientific and technological work successfully to bring the illumination of science and technology to the remotest rural length and breadth of India. Major props were given to increase India’s share in high-tech products, deriving value from technology led export and exporting of technology programmes articulated for socio-economic sectors, economics and energy are being encouraged through further research to grow constantly and to keep abreast with the global studies in science and technology.