Essay on “Republic Day” for School, College Students, Long and Short English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12, College and Competitive Exams.

Republic Day

Essay No. 01

India became an independent nation on 15 August, 1947. On January 26, 1950, India was formally declared a republic. In a republic, the supreme power is held not by a monarch, but by the elected representatives of the people, along with an elected president. So this day is celebrated as Republic Day and is a national holiday.

In the morning, there is a flag hoisting ceremony followed by a speech by the chief guest. He reminds us of all those people who gave up their lives fighting gallantly for the nation. It is because of them that we are enjoying our freedom today. He urges the people to remain united and respect their country. In the end, everyone stands up to sing the National Anthem.

In Delhi, the Republic Day is celebrated with great pomp and show. A parade is held every year on Rajpath where contingents of Armed Forces march, latest weapons are displayed and tableaux of different states depicting their culture and progress are taken out. People from all over the country come to witness this parade. The national flag is flown atop all government offices and buildings. At night the Government offices, and the President’s house are illuminated.

The whole nation becomes one as we celebrate the Republic day with pride year after year.

Essay No. 02


The Republic Day

(January 26th is celebrated by Indians as Republic Day) We celebrate it every year. It was on this day in 1950, that India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic and gave a constitution to itself.

The Republic Day is celebrated all over the country as well as all over the world by Indians with great pomp and show. In Delhi it is celebrated amidst great joy. A special parade is held on the day. Early in the morning people begin to assemble at Rajpath and other places to see the grand parade. The President of India takes the salute.

A procession starts from Vijay Chowk. All the three wings of the armed forces take part in the parade. There is a display of tanks, big guns and other weapons of war; in fact the strength of the armed forces. Military bands play tunes. N.C.C cadets-and the police also participate in the parade.

They are followed by tableaux from the different states. They depict the picture of the life and customs of the people of the respective states and the progress they have made after independence. Unity in diversity is amply displayed.

Folk dancers assemble in the Capital from states. The dancers sing and play on various instruments. Boys and girls of local colleges and schools march in procession and sing national-song.

There is a colourful fly-past by different types of aeroplanes. Rose petals are showered from air and a trail of saffron, white and green, the colours of the National Flag, is left behind. Balloons of tri-colour also float in the air.

At night all the government buildings are illuminated and the people move out to watch the beautiful sight.

Essay No. 03

Republic Day

India became a Republic on the 26th January 1950 as it was on this day that the new Constitution of free India came into force.

Like Independence Day, the Republic Day also is celebrated in the capital with great preparation. At India Gate the functions starts early in the morning where the Prime Minister lays a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti and pays homage to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the sake of their motherland.

The President of India unfurls our National Flag this day and takes salute of the armed forces.

Then names are announced of those affairs who were selected for gallantry awards. They come one by one and receive the award from the hands of the President. Next it is the turn of those young girls and boys who have won bravery awards.

The soldiers march briskly and as they pass they turn their eyes towards the President. The members of the paramilitary forces also take part in it.

Then come the Jhankis (floats) of various states in which they display the specialty of their States and then follow a contingent of N.C.C, Boy Scouts and Girl Guides. Teams of students from different schools from Delhi and outside give various performances and then the Tricolour balloons go into the sky bringing the celebration to an end.

National flags are unfurled in all the States. People who cannot come to the venue in person to attend the celebrations watch the Republic Day procession live on television.

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