Nehru, the Architect of Modern India
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru was really born great. He had a number of qualities including those of statesmanship. He sacrificed all the comforts and participated in freedom movement with Mahatma Gandhi as his forceful lieutenant. This highly capable team achieved its goal for making India free. The name of Nehru will ever be alive through the books of Indian history. Nehru was not only a statesman, but also a great philosopher. He was a renowned author of world class. The best quality, which Nehru was possessing was that he was working hard for every moment of his life. He gave a slogan to countrymen “Aram Haram Hai”. He was loving work, countrymen and the country in an exemplary manner and always stood by it. People in India and outside admired him most due to his extraordinary statesmanship and performance after independence of India. He was the first Prime Minister of independent India and continued for a period of 15 years. He is still remembered by the people for good deeds and for his greatness.
At the time of independence, India was a very poor country. It was socially, industrially, educationally and economically backward. Its sources of revenue were falling sick. India was depending on others for almost all goods, machineries, parts and petty technology. India was badly suffering for foodgrains. Maximum items, including foodgrains, were being imported from outside at high cost. Indian farmer was cultivating with old system and wooden. plough. He was depending on monsoon. His production was quite insufficient. India was depending merely on cottage industries, which were very old. Many of them were non-functional and running into loss. The employment opportunities were absolutely dim at that time in the absence of industries and the projects.
Nehru is called a founder of modern India. He had foresight and high vision. He knew that India could progress only with scientific approach. He wanted reform in the fields of agriculture and trade. He started economic planning in the country. He planned numerous works for developing the agricultural land, which included the allotment of land to the landless people out of uncultivated land. A number of Agricultural Research institutes were established for improving the quality of seeds, fertilizers and insecticides. A number of factories came up for manufacturing modernised machines and tools for easy and better cultivation. The farmers were offered all the items at subsidized rates. Nehru knew that modernization was necessary. He introduced the liberal policy of loaning from co-operative societies for buying the tools and machineries by all the farmers of the country. It was Nehru who introduced the Block Development Zones for assisting the farmers for equipping them with modernised tools and machines for better cultivation. The Block Development Authorities were made responsible for distribution of healthy seeds and required fertilizers at concessional rates. An awareness was spread among the farmers for scientific application for producing more. A number of projects were executed for extending the facilities for irrigation. Many important projects were undertaken for power generations, for fulfilling the requirement of electricity. India succeeded in bringing Green Revolution in the field of agriculture. The food grain production started increasing from that very time, which had the benefits for other development works in the country.
Jawahar Lal Nehru wanted economic development in the country. His plans were of creating job opportunities for the youth. His ambition was to build up prosperous, modern, strong and self-sufficient India. He wanted to give a new shape to the country. He knew that world was moving fast with new changes one after the other. Nehru planned for industrial revolution in the country for enabling India to improve its production, foreign trade, economic condition and speed in other development works. Most of the industries were established in the country during that time. Industrial revolution helped in founding modern India and bringing prosperity to every home. The industrialization made India self- sufficient for almost all the goods at home for which it was spending a lot of money, when importing them from outside. The new production made the country able to export the things to many developing and under-developed nations that made India economically sound.
Nehru was a leader of world level. There was a cold war going on between the two groups of the world. One was headed by the Soviet Union and the other by America. It was Nehru who prevented theThird World War by giving a magic formula of peace and non-violence. He became a symbol of world peace. Owing to this very reason, the stature of India rose high in the eyes of world community.
Jawahar Lal Nehru was a socialist throughout his life. He played crucial role against inequality. He succeeded in bringing socialism in our democratic system. He worked for making classless and tasteless society.
Nehru was a very competent politician of world stature. His foreign policy was very strong. Indian freedom struggle, through the non-violent way, has caught the attention of great leaders across the world. Nehru played a very active role in it. Jawahar Lal Nehru had a basic grounding of world affairs, which many other world leaders did not have. Till the time he was at the helm of affairs, he did not see any virtue to align himself with the world, which was involved in cold war. And there were many countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, which saw indisputable logic in India’s stand. Nehru evolved the concept of Non-alignment together with President Nasser of Egypt, and President Tito of Yugoslavia. Non-alignment became a powerful force in world affairs. India’s unique strength of positive neutrality helped in finding out the solution of some major problems like Korean war, Suez canal crisis and commonwealth membership crisis for Asian and African countries. Its success through Non-alignment movement in solving long standing and critical world’s affairs in an amicable manner enlarged world-wide political importance of India. Nehru was being recalled among three top most leaders at that time of the world due to his achievements.
No one can doubt the patriotism of Jawahar Lal Nehru, who gave up all for the service of the country. He always preferred thorny path and sacrifice for the sake of his nation. He threw himself with all the strength and energy left in him into the work of building up India. He was the man who with all his mind and heart loved India and the Indian people. Jawahar Lal Nehru in turn forced everyone to admire him most due to his statesmanship, patriotism, achievements and his national and international political reputation.
It will not be far from truth if we say that Nehru was the saviour of mankind. Being the champion of peace and lover of mankind, he was loved not only in his country, but also throughout the world. He was the great man of the modem age. He is called the father of modern India. People will always remember him as the architect of modern India.