Mahatma Gandhi-The Father of The Nation
Mahatma Gandhi is called the “Father of the Nation”. In the twentieth century, he was one of the greatest leaders of the world. Due to his untiring efforts, India gained independence from British rule. His weapons in this war were unique, namely, truth and non-violence.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 at Porbander in Gujarat. His father was the Divan in Rajkot state. After passing his matriculation in 1887, he went to England to study law. In 1893 he went to South Africa. There he was appalled by the pathetic condition of coloured people and discrimination against the Indians and South Africans. He fought for their rights. He adopted a new method to fight against the British rulers. He practiced peaceful resistance to racial discrimination. His weapons were Satyagraha (Truth) and Ahimsa (non-violence). After winning the battle in South Africa, he returned to India in 1916.
His aim was to gain independence for the country and build it as a self-reliant nation. He started Non-violence and Non-cooperation movements to achieve the above objectives. He moved the masses with his sincerity, simplicity and sacrifice. Along with many leaders and countrymen, he was sent to jail several times. Ultimately, the British realized that they could not continue to rule India. They were unable to control the fire of independence burning in the hearts of the masses. Millions were following the path of Mahatma Gandhi. At his behest, they were ready to lay down their lives for the freedom of the country.
In August 1947, the British had to retreat and India was declared a free country. But, unfortunately, the country was divided into two nations, India and Pakistan. The scene after independence was terrible. There was turmoil, and bloodshed all over. Gandhiji was saddened by the communal hatred. He began a fast unto death, unless the conditions at Noakhali in East Bengal (now Bangladesh), which was worst affected, was brought under control. Ultimately peace returned among the Hindus and Muslims.
What Gandhiji achieved in his life was a miracle. He lived in the hearts of millions of Indians and was respected by all. He laid great emphasis on banishing untouchability, promoting Hindu-Muslim unity, removal of illiteracy, development of cottage and handloom industries, equality to women and development of villages and agriculture. He believed that purity of soul could be brought by sacrifice and service to the poor. He practiced what he preached. He dedicated all his life to the upliftment of the poor. He personified the of simple living and high thinking, He was very sensitive and understanding. He laid down his life for the country.
On 30th January: 1948, the world lost a great leader. Mahatama Gandhi was killed by a fanatic, who did not like his way. There was gloom all over the nation. He was cremated at Rajghat in Delhi.
Although he is no more, his name lives on. He lives in the heart of millions. Even after five decades, his principles, dedication and mission continue to inspire the country. The nation will always remain indebted to Mahatma Gandhi for giving it freedom.