Biography of “Subhash Chandra Bose”
India is proud of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose (23rd January 1897-August 1945). He was a patriot, a revolutionary figure like Rana Pratap. Netaji was born on 23rd January, 1897, at Cuttack in Orissa. His father, Janakinath Bose was a Government lawyer at the Cuttack District Court. He was a noble and talented lawyer.
Subhash was given early education first at the Anglo-Indian School and then at Ravenshaw Collegiate School at Cuttack up to matriculation.
He matriculated in 1913. Then he studied in the famous Presidency College, Calcutta. He graduated with 1st-class Honours in Philosophy from the Scottish Church College. In 1938 and 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose was elected the President of the National Congress. But he left Congress in 1939 as he had differences with Mahatma Gandhi.
He maintained progressive views while Gandhiji put emphasis on non-violence. He then formed Forward Block which became a very powerful party. He knew that Gandhiji’s policy of non-violence would not remove the British Government from India. He wanted the help of a big power to fight the British rule. So he left India in disguise and went to Germany. He founded the Indian National Army there with the Indian Prisoners of war. But the German dictator Hitler disappointed him. He then came to Japan by sea. There he ‘was called “Netaji”. There he gave the slogan “Delhi Chalo” (march to Delhi). Under his active leadership, the soldiers marched up to Manipur through Burma. He got help from Japan to form Azad Hind Fauz.
There was a fierce fight between the patriotic soldiers and the Anglo-American Forces. Netaji was sure to win. But an unfortunate thing happened. Japan surrendered to the Anglo-American block of powers. Netaji was bound to surrender. He left for Tokyo in a plane but the plane met a crash on the inland of Formosa. Netaji was reported killed in that plane accident.
Netaji’s heroism and adventurous spirit will inspire the millions of young people in India.