The medieval town of Orchha is just 120 kilometers (75 miles) from Gwalior and 19 kilometers (12 miles) from Jhansi. It is set on an island, in the Betwa River, in beautiful forested surroundings. It was founded in the 16th century by the Bundela Rajput ruler, Rudra Pratap. It was abandoned in the 18th century.
Orchha is a wonderful example of a medieval fort palace. Its palaces, temples and cenotaphs synthesise the Hindu and Mughal architecture. The town has retained much of its character and has been little affected by the 20th century.
One of the finest sights is the view of the cenotaphs from across the river. One can see green hills in the background and the architecturally stunning chantries or cenotaphs sharply etched against an azure sky, with the blue Betwa in between. Within the turreted walls are gardens, gateways, pavilions and temples, near the confluence of the Betwa and Jamni rivers.