Essay on “Buddha Purnima”
According to the Hindu calendar, the full moon day in the month of Purnima is the most pious day for Buddhists. The day is fixed to commemorate the birthday of Gautam Buddha. Born in 563 B.C., Gautam Buddha attained Nirvana or Enlightenment in 526 B.C. at Lumbini. He was known as Prince Siddhartha, the son of king Shuddhodana. Prince Siddhartha, travelling on his chariot, witnessed the sufferings of poor people. He saw different types of lifestyles. He came to know the lives of an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and an ascetic. His faithful servant Channa taught him that everybody on this earth was fated to pass through the first three stages in their lifetime.
This thought made Siddhartha leave his home. He travelled in search of truth. He found the answer while sitting under a Bodhi tree in Bodhgaya. He got enlightenment on the full moon day of Baisakh. Thus he came to be known as Gautam Buddha. On that day, the Buddhists go to the monasteries or ‘chaityas’ reciting prayers.