Todays Communication System
We, not only transport goods and people but also our ideas and thoughts. We communicate with our friends, teachers and all the people around us.
Communication is done by talking and writing. Before the art of writing was mastered by man he could communicate only by talking. The oral communication was the only way of making each other understand.
Religions and sayings of great men spread from one place to another only by oral communication. Kings sent their messengers to make their proclamations in public. The art of writing made communication a little easier. People used birds to send their written messages across. Travelers became the means of communications and the system of communication improved. But it was very slow. It took many days to communicate within the land.
The means of communication have improved very much. There is an inland night air mail service which links up the big cities. All inland letters are carried by air without any extra charge. We have also air mail and air parcel services with over a hundred countries in the world Mail is carried by rail or bus to the towns and villages. This communication service is done by the Post and Telegraphs Department. There are thousands of post offices all over the country.
The telegraph offices help to send telegrams. Telegram is meant for urgent messages. It takes only a few hours to reach the destination. But it is costly. Fee is charged for every word we send. Hence the message is to be brief.
Telephone is another quickest means off communication. One can speak to any person within his city or town and also with others in different towns or cities. People who do not have telephones in their homes can use public telephone booths. Direct dialing has been introduced in many cities and you can dial from Delhi to Srinagar, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Trivandrum and etc. Overseas telegraph or telephone operates through Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Delhi. You can call for doctors, police, fire brigade or flying squad for help at any time.
Radio is the most popular and common means of communication. Even in villages, many people have radios or transistors. The moment something happens in any part of the country or world; it is announced through the radio. Daily newspaper is another means of communication. Every morning and evening we get newspapers in all the languages of India informing us about sports, accidents, floods, wars, political affairs and many other things of public interest.
Television is a recent invention in the field of communication. You see the picture while hearing the sound. Thus we have made remarkable progress if the field of communication.