Poverty and Population
Curse to especially Asian countries is a result of overpopulation. Governments of Asia should boldly make decisions to control the excessive growth of the population even if they have to take harsh decisions. This can be achieved by announcing incentives and disincentives.
Education of fewer children to citizens is a soft method of controlling but is useful to the only literate class who are already adapted to fewer children. Semi-literates with partial success. Illiterates and have their reasons – religion is one of the big factors that illiterates misunderstand. Religious leaders are very helpful; taking religious leaders into confidence would definitely give partial success. The second reason what illiterates perceive is that more the children more the income this perception is definitely wrong and dangerous. For this some harsh steps to be taken.
Announcing incentives and disincentive to have limited children will be a high success to control excessive growth of the population. An Entitlement of subsidized food articles and services. It looks difficult in democratic countries, subsidy to be allocated by grading small family and big family would help. B- Entitlement of government positions and prOmotions. C- Entitlement of special preference for a small family of the poor category to upgrade the standard of living by way of loan and education of small scale industry to set up.
Accountability of Central and state heads: Each central/ state/ district and local area head should be more responsible and accountable in his or her legislative area by mutual agreement. This would be a great step. Conscious of responsibility would definitely control the population. Also, theSe heads would be helpful to upgrade their areas.
Thickly populated countries with a higher level of poverty should work for industrialization is helpful for all categories of the population such as literate or semi-literate and illiterates. Governments of these countries mainly concentrate on modernization and heavy industries.
Of course in the present world modernization of industries is very important to withstand international competition and standards. The disadvantage ae of concentrating only on heavy industries is it does not full absolute employment opportunities. The reason is a major percentage of rural are either illiterate or semi-literate they can be consumed in small and cottage industries such as agricultural instruments and tools handloom/ handicrafts/ poultry farms and etc.
The scope of these sectors has to – be widened as this sector has the capacity to consume a mass level of workers. As largely heavy industries are pruning their staff due to recession in heavy competition these unemployed people will shoot unemployment crisis further among literates. Small-scale and agricultural industries will be beneficial for them also.
Governments and international institutions should come forward to upgrade the quality and measures to bring costs as low as possible and steps to improve its demand for these products. This could be done by inviting the private sector and international organizations to participate to bring know-how for research and development and promote demand for such products.
I.L.O and other agencies should understand the necessity to explore the possibility to encourage this sector, especially in poor countries. As this comes in unorganized informal sector workers are deprived of their social security and pension schemes.
W.T.0 and other international agencies also can be really helpful by allocating the minimum quantity quota required for imports with incentives to boost demand. As more the goods sold more the jobs created. Governments should identify the traditional products or suitable products of rural areas, which can be promoted scientifically without affecting the traditional grace.
Governments to make sure the availability of raw material and distribution at the best possible price.