Life in an Indian Village
Essay No. 01
‘Hai Basa Hamara Desh Kahan
Wah Basa Hamare Gaon Mein.’ -A Hindi Poet
India is a land of villages. About 70 percent of our population lives in the villages. However, they present a very unusual image of village life. Hard work, simplicity, and plain thinking are the charm of life there. Villages are the main supply line of cities but they evoke an image of a mass living in problems and difficulties. Life depicts a state of deprivation, dependence, and below physical and social setup. Inspite of reforms and changes in structural setup villages continue to suffer on various accounts.
They struggle to grow and the growth feeds the other residents of the country. They bear warm, hot waves and the land heat while the other part of the nation rests in air-conditioned rooms. Life starts early in the morning without any bed tea or bed feed. They take the domestic animals for grazing or ploughing in the crop-sowing fields. The children and housewives help them in their toil in the field. The housewife prepares food, looks after the old parents, and takes the food to serve the farmers in their working spot. These women work in the fields as the husbands take a nap after luncheon in the afternoon. Their normal food consists of chapaties and simple pickles. Milk and running products are sold in the city market because this comes under cash crops.
Although, members of the city family have roots in villages, even then, they rarely feel the comfort of the villages. The rural population has pure non-polluted air. They have neat and clean water and a fresh bath changes life into new and bright moods. Village food is always full of purity and nourishment. These factors contribute a longer share in the maintenance of good health.
The rural population remains dependent on agriculture for its survival, due to lack of any other income sources. Thus, a lot of change and training is imparted to farmers’ block for improvement and modernization of techniques of agriculture. Although the government policies focus all the best attention and development in the sector yet the farmer is exploited for procurement of loans, marketing of crops by the middlemen, agents,s or Charities. They try to squeeze the last drop and flare up the problems of the agriculture farmers. The villagers suffer an acute shortage of water and energy such as electricity and fuels. They are bound to run their own generator sets and run after diesel cans in the city markets.
Indian villages lack good medical aid and good specialized service in health care. Even the field workers hardly care to propagate the proper health awareness in the villages. Village folks are mostly cheated by imitations in medicines and other required items. This requires legal and social protection and selfless service to boost the morale of village populations.
Our leaders rightly feel the necessity of creating spot attractions for villagers in their own places. They propose to develop sidelines and side incomes by developing local handicrafts and industries for the rural population. Social schemes for education and eradication of bad traditions are under process and they will be popularised in the area. The co-operative movement is also coming up to safeguard the financial and marketing requirements of the people.
It seems the days are not far away when our village will present a modern image of good life and urbanites will be attracted to revert back to villages for a permanent stay.
Life in an Indian Village
Essay No. 02
The much-talked-about new millennium has finally dawned. A lot of change is anticipated in the lifestyles and attitudes of people living in both villages and cities. Let us speculate about what changes are likely to occur in the lifestyle of Indian villages in the years to come. What would the Indian villages in the first decade of the new century look like?
Most villages are steeped in superstitions and perhaps, may not very readily give up the obsolete way of living and old practices, for, ‘old is gold’. However, conditions will not continue to be inert, even if the rural folk continue ‘to be wedded to certain basic norms of living and traditions. It would not be wrong to take an optimistic view and conclude that poverty will be reduced if not eliminated completely. A fatalistic approach will be replaced by a more rational and less dogmatic attitude. Education will receive a fillip and accessibility to modern media—the radio and TV—which will revolutionize their way of thinking. There will be progress in amenities like sanitation, drinking water, and availability of electricity even though kerosene lamps may continue to illuminate the homes of the poor. By and large, everyone would be able to make use of electricity.
Life in a village will not remain untouched by modernization. A new, educated generation may discard redundant traditions. Perhaps, with all this, there is a possibility that some of the sham and hypocrisy, that characterizes the urban life may permeate into villages. However, all this hopefully will be outweighed by progress. All villages may become accessible due to the building of new roads. They would no longer be isolated from the metropolitan cities. There will certainly be greater prosperity with improvement in health, education facilities, etc.
However, let us also hope, that this progress will not erode the human values and culture that continues to flourish in the rural areas, in spite of winds of change.